The term museum is from Ancient Greek, Mouseoin, which means “the place sacred to the muses.” According to Greek Mythology Mouseoin was the temple of muses, the nine goddesses that presided taking into consideration poetry, songs, the arts, sciences and learning. In Greek Mythology the nine goddesses were the daughters of Zeus, the King of the gods and Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory. The Greeks believed that the muses lived about Mount Olympus once their leader, the god Apollo (American Association of Museums, 2000). In the 3rd century B.C. during the deem of the Ptolemy Dynasty, taking into account the Greeks ruled well ahead than Ancient Egypt, Ptolemy 1 Soter founded an institution for intellectual and scientific investigation in Alexandria and called it a museum. With the revival of learning during the Renaissance in the 15th century A.D. Italian scholars kept their collections of historical materials in rooms called museums. The Renaissance nobles furthermore had adorned their palaces subsequent to art, sculpture and collections of curiosities. It was much higher that private collections passed to public ownership and were put happening for display. For example Pope Sixtus IV opened the Capitoline Museum to the public in 1447 and this was followed by Cesarini along with in Rome. The first museum to be operated as a national institution was the British Museum in 1753 followed by the Palace of Louvre in Paris in 1793.Other renowned museums are the Art Gallery in which the Mona Lisa is portrayed, the Metropolitan in New York, the Prado in Madrid, the Hermitage in Petersburg (Leningrad), and the Smithsonian in Washington (Sears, 2006) rhyton.
ORIGINS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE SIERRA LEONE NATIONAL MUSEUM
‘There is always something added from Africa’ avowed Pliny who lived from 23-79 A.D. This big continent of Africa has some many firsts. The north of Africa is believed to be the cradle of civilization that is Ancient Egypt. It was in Ancient Egypt that the first museum came into existence. Further south are regarding impassible barriers of desert and tropical forests, and on severity of these, lies the greater allocation of Africa known to the Arabs as Bilad-as-Sudan, the home of the Black people. It was in this part of Africa in the Rift Valley in East Africa in addition to called Eastern Sudan that the oldest form of human energy was discovered. The Western Sudan (West Africa) can boast of powerful ancient empires along surrounded by Ghana, Songhai, Mali and Kanem Bornu.